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Language is learned in brain circuits that predate humans
WASHINGTON -- It has often been claimed that humans learn language using brain components that are specifically dedicated to this purpose. Now, new evidence strongly suggests that language is in fact learned in brain systems that are also used for many other purposes and even pre-existed humans, say researchers in PNAS Early Edition online Jan. 29 . The research combines results from multiple studies involving a total of 665 participants. It shows that chi ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Feb 7
It sounds like music to my ... brain!
It may sound like sci-fy, but mind reading equipment are much closer to become a reality than most people can imagine. A new study carried out at D Or Institute for Research and Education used a Magnetic Resonance MR machine to read participants minds and find out what song they were listening to. The study, published today in Scientific Reports , contributes for the improvement of the technique and pave the way to new research on reconstruction of auditor ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Feb 7
Adding crizotinib to radiation therapy may help preserve hearing in patients w...
Adding the targeted cancer therapy drug crizotinib to radiation therapy for tumors associated with the genetic disorder neurofibromatosis 2 NF2 may reduce the hearing damage that can be exacerbated by radiotherapy. A Massachusetts General Hospital MGH research team reports that the use of crizotinib to block a specific molecular pathway both enhanced the radiosensitivity of tumors in mouse models of NF2, allowing a reduction in radiation dosage, and inhibi ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Feb 7
Research Alert: Brain Stimulation and Aphasia
This new aphasia research is personalization at its best. Rather than treat ...
Aphasia.org - Fri. Dec 15
Protein Daple coordinates single-cell and organ-wide directionality in the inn...
Humans inherited the capacity to hear sounds thanks to structures that evolved millions of years ago. Sensory hair cells in the inner ear have the amazing ability to convert sound waves into electrical signals and transmit them to the brain for processing. To do so, each individual hair cell must develop a motion sensor in the form of a brush of protrusions, or hair bundle, that is precisely organized and shows directionality, like the magnetized needle of ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Dec 13
A Toddler's Screen Time Tied to Speech Delay
Letting a baby or toddler use a smartphone or tablet may lead to delays in talking, a new study suggests. Handheld devices are everywhere these days, said principal investigator Dr. Catherine Birken, a staff pediatrician and scientist at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto. While new pediatric guidelines suggest limiting screen time for babies and toddlers, we believe that the use of smartphones and tablets with young children has become quite common ...
Healthday - Sat. Dec 9
Communication Problems Not at Root of Tantrums in Kids With Autism
Children with autism spectrum disorders probably aren t throwing more tantrums because of a lack of ability to communicate, new research suggests. Speech and language problems are common in autism. Many children with autism aren t able to speak clearly. Some can t speak at all. But in this study, the researchers found that children with autism who have clear speech and a high ability to communicate have just as many outbursts as those who don t. There is a ...
Healthday - Sat. Dec 9
Think Before You Drink
With the traditional flood of holiday parties and festivities approaching, chances to drink excessively increase. So, what to do Start by taking a closer look, now, at your drinking habits, one mental health expert suggests. The holidays generate both positive and negative emotions, and drinking is one of the methods that people often use to cope, said Dr. Karen Miotto, a clinical professor of psychiatry at the University of California, Los Angeles. Overwh ...
Healthday - Sat. Dec 9
Everyone's Aphasia is Unique
Everyone 8217 s aphasia is unique because every human is unique. Damage from stroke ...
Aphasia.org - Sat. Dec 9
Cooking and Speech Therapy
Every holiday celebration contains good food, so we love this idea of ...
Aphasia.org - Sat. Dec 9
Disorders of the voice can affect a politician's success
WASHINGTON, D.C. December 6, 2017 -- The acoustics of a political speech delivery are known to be a powerful influencer of voter preferences, perhaps giving some credence to the saying, It s not what you say, but how you say it. Vocal disorders change the qualities of a person s speech, and voice scientists Rosario Signorello and Didier Demolin at the Universit 233 Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris have found that this alters politicians perceived charisma and list ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Dec 9
Is there a musical method for interpreting speech?
WASHINGTON, D.C. December 7, 2017 -- Cochlear implants have been a common method of correcting sensorineural hearing loss for individuals with damage to their brain, inner ear, or auditory nerves. The implanted devices use an electrode array that is inserted into the cochlea and assists in stimulating auditory nerve fibers. However, the speech patterns heard with the use of a cochlear implant are often spectrally degraded and can be difficult to understand ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Dec 9