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Study finds intervention helps newborns get screened for hearing loss
Researchers at Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center found that targeted intervention helps improve follow-up rates by more than 70 percent for newborns who fail initial hearing screenings at birth hospitals. It is important newborns are treated for hearing loss within the first six months of life because this is a critical time for speech and language development, said Lisa Hunter, PhD, FAAA, Scientific Director of Research, Division of Audiology ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Jun 15
Preschool academic skills improve only when instruction is good to excellent
New research combining eight large child care studies reveals that preschools prepare children to succeed academically when teachers provide higher quality instruction. Margaret Burchinal, senior scientist at the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, led a research team whose findings have groundbreaking implications for publicly-funded early care and education. They found as the overall quality ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jun 7
Evidence of hearing damage in teens prompts researchers' warning
HAMILTON, ON, June 8, 2016 - New research into the ringing-ear condition known as tinnitus points to an alarming level of early hearing damage in young people who are exposed to loud music, prompting a warning from a leading Canadian researcher in the field. It s a growing problem and I think it s going to get worse, says Larry Roberts of McMaster s Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, the only Canadian author of a paper published today in ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 6
Hearing problems reduce the quality of life of older people
Research has found that hearing loss has wide-ranging impacts not only on older people s ability to communicate, but also on their ability to move about and participate in different hobbies and activities. This has been revealed in studies funded by the Academy of Finland whose results have been published in international scientific journals. In our recent studies, we ve observed that older people with hearing problems have a more limited life space, and t ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 6
Americans need easier access, more affordable options for hearing health care ...
WASHINGTON - Hearing loss is a significant public health concern, and efforts should be made to provide adults with easier access to and more affordable options for hearing health care, especially for those in underserved and vulnerable populations, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The committee that carried out the study and wrote the report called for greater transparency and changes in the cost of hea ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Jun 2
Charismatic speaking strategies of presidential candidates
WASHINGTON, D.C., May 25, 2016 -- Researchers at UCLA s Voice Center for Medicine and the Arts have recently examined the speech patterns of Hillary Clinton, Bernie Sanders, Donald Trump and Carly Fiorina in a variety of settings to determine whether the presidential candidates followed the same voice modulation strategies. They researchers found that despite the politicians varied messages, their vocal delivery remains the same. Our hypothesis is that per ...
EurekAlert - Thu. May 26
Lung function may affect vocal health for women
Washington, D. C. May 25, 2016 -- Teaching is an occupation with a high risk of developing vocal problems -- teachers have more than twice the voice problems than people in other professions, as the voice is the major tool in classroom instruction and is often used for long periods of time and in noisy environments. Additionally, females face a significantly higher risk than men of developing long-term vocal problems. Therefore female teachers, the predomi ...
EurekAlert - Wed. May 25
Brit accents vex US hearing-impaired elderly
SALT LAKE CITY, May 25, 2016 - Older Americans with some hearing loss shouldn t feel alone if they have trouble understanding British TV sagas like Downton Abbey. A small study from the University of Utah suggests hearing-impaired senior citizens have more trouble than young people comprehending British accents when there is background noise. The older hearing-impaired had just a little more trouble understanding British accents than American accents when ...
EurekAlert - Wed. May 25
Speech-language pathologists can help kids who struggle to read
Educators call it the fourth-grade slump a time when some children, faced with increasingly complex schoolwork, start to lose interest in reading. Yet classroom teachers may not employ the strategies that can get these students back on track, according to speech-language pathology researchers at University of the Pacific. In a review of three decades of research, Pacific professors Jeannene Ward-Lonergan and Jill Duthie pinpointed the strategies that have ...
EurekAlert - Wed. May 25
Why vocal fry?
WASHINGTON, D.C., May 24, 2016 - Researchers at the University of Texas at San Antonio are studying the lowest vocal register used by chorus singers to better understand the emotional properties of music. The lowest register used by chorus singers is called vocal fry, and it sounds a little bit like a growl or a croak. The technique has become popular in today s pop and country music. When female singers use this lowest register, listeners rate her as more ...
EurekAlert - Tue. May 24
Cities try different tactics to regulate noise
WASHINGTON, D.C., May 23, 2016 - If you live in Waco, Texas, your neighbor maneuvering a gas lawn mower in the middle of the night likely wouldn t violate the decibel limit, which is eight times louder than the typical nighttime limit in the United States. The large difference is just one example of the diversity of laws regulating noise throughout the United States. The Noise Pollution Clearinghouse, a national non-profit based in Vermont that gathers noi ...
EurekAlert - Mon. May 23
Cisplatin may cause more permanent hearing loss in people with Cockayne syndrome
The chemotherapy drug cisplatin can kill cancer, but it can also cause permanent hearing loss. The drug can kill the sensory cells of the inner ear, a phenomenon that is likely more severe in individuals with Cockayne syndrome, a rare form of dwarfism. The disorder results from mutations in one of two genes -- called Csa and Csb -- involved in repairing DNA damage. Cells can sustain DNA damage from environmental stresses ranging from the sun s ultraviolet ...
EurekAlert - Wed. May 18